MASALAH GIZI DAN PERAN GIZI SEIMBANG

Dyah Titin Laswati

Abstract


Good nutrition will be consistent with good health. In the clinical symptoms of malnutrition is the body's growth and not normal development. Nutritional status was the final result of the various factors that may relate to one anothers. Therefore, understanding how the nutrient problems should be the basis for a strategy for the prevention and mitigation. The nutritional status is directly influenced by two things, the adequacy of nutrient intake to meet the needs of the body and the infection status of a person, mutually influential, so fixing one of them is not going to fix the state of the other. The guidelines of balanced nutrition was the best solution in Indonesia visualized in Tumpeng of balanced nutrition. Data of nutritional health status and nutrition-related non-communicable diseases of data obtained from the Health Research by the Ministry of Health, 2010 and micronutrient status data, especially iron deficiency anemia status. The agreement of the World Food Conference in Rome in 1992 set of recommendations to all countries, particularly developing countries to replace the slogan-based "Basic Four" to "Nutrition Guide for Balanced Diet". This emphasis is based on the fact that developing countries have to face the double burden of nutrition problems (malnutrition and over nutrition). Principle slogan "Nutrition Guide for Balanced Diet": consumption daily diet should contain nutrients in the type and amount (portion) that fits the needs of each individual or age group. Consumption of food with this pattern should pay attention to four basic principles, namely: Diversity of food; Regular physical activity and measurable; personal and environmental hygiene are maintained; and monitor or maintain weight is always ideal.


Keywords


The guidelines of balanced nutrition;nutritional status;clinical symtomps

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim, 2003.Pedoman Umum Gizi Seimbang : Panduan untuk Petugas. Dit Gizi Masyarakat Ditjend Binkesmas. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Jakarta.

Anonim, 2010. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Balitbangkes Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Jakarta.

Anonim, 2013. Naskah Akademik Pedoman Gizi Seimbang (PGS) Direktorat Jenderal Bina Gizi dan KIA Kemenkes. RI. Jakarta.

Australian Government, 2013. Australian Government-National Health & Medical research Council and Departement of Health and Ageing. Eat for Health-Australian Dietary Guidelines: Providing the Scientific Evidence for Healthier Australian Diets. Commonwealth of Australia.

Ge K., 2011. The transition of Chinese dietary guidelines and the food guide pagoda. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr; 20 (3): 439-46

Sirichakwal PP, Sranacharoenpong K, dan Tontisirin K., 2011, Food based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) development and promotion in Thailand. Asia Pac. J Clin Nutr : 20 (3) : 477-83.

Tee ES., 2011. Development and Promotion of Malaysian Dietary Guidelines.

Uauy R., Kain J, dan Corvalan C., 2011. How can the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis contribute to improving health in Developing contries ? Am j Clin Nutr; 94 (suppl) : 1759S-64S.

UNICEF, 1998. The State of The Word’s Children. Oxford and New York. Oxford University Press.

US Departement of Agriculture, 2010. US Departement of Health and Human Services, Dietary Guidelines for Americans 7edition. Washington DC: US Govermment Printing Office

Yoshiike N, Hayashi F, Takemi Y, Mizoguchi K, dan Seino FA., 2007. New food guide in Japan: The Japanese food guide Spinning Top. Nutr Rev; 65(4): 149-54




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37631/agrotech.v2i1.12

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 398 times
PDF - 2415 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 AGROTECH : JURNAL ILMIAH TEKNOLOGI PERTANIAN

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Agrotech:Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Pertanian with issn-P 2548-3757(print media) and E-ISSN 2620-7508 (online).

Lisensi Creative Commons
The content of this website is licensed under Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

 


Agrotech:Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Pertanian is indexed by: